National Mission on Edible Oils – Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) launched with the aim to augment the availability of edible oil in the country

New Delhi : During  the year 2020-21, India imported 133.5 lakh tonnes of edible oil, out of which the share of palm oil was around 56 %. The National Mission on Edible Oils – Oil Palm (NMEO-OP) has been launched with the aim to augment the availability of edible oil in the country by harnessing area expansion, increasing crude palm oil production with the aim to reduce the import burden. The salient features of NMEO-Oil palm include assistance for planting material, inputs for intercropping upto gestation period of 4 years and for maintenance, establishment of seed gardens, nurseries, micro irrigation, bore well/pumpset/water harvesting structure, vermi compost units, solar pumps, harvesting tools, custom hiring centre cum harvester Groups, farmers and officers training, and for replanting of old oil palm gardens etc.

The total approved cost of the NMEO (Oil Palm) Scheme is  11,040 crore, out of which ₹ 8844 crore is Central share and  2196 crore state share. For the year 2021-22, a total of Rs 10422.69 lakh has been approved for various state annual action plans.

The Reassessment Committee of ICAR- Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research (IIOPR) 2020 has assessed around 28 lakh hectares potential for oil palm cultivation. While assessing the potential area, ICAR-IIOPR considered all the environmental and bio diversity parameters and recommended its cultivation in selected districts and states.

Annual edible oilseeds viz; soybean, rapeseed and mustard, groundnut, sesame, sunflower, safflower and niger are also grown in the country. Potential districts for these crops have been identified on the basis of land suitability and average yield.

As per ICAR-IIOPR, oil palm requires less water compared to crops like rice, banana and sugarcane for its optimum cultivation. Under the Mission emphasis has been given to promote micro irrigation and water conservation in oil palm for efficient water management and judicious use of water.

The state-wise potential area assessed by ICAR-IIOPR in 2020 in India

 

Sl. No State Potential Area( ha) No. of Districts
1 Andhra Pradesh 531379 10
2 Chhattisgarh 57149 15
3 Gujarat 62361 14
4 Goa 2000  
5 Karnataka 72642 15
6 Odisha 34291 17
7 Tamil Nadu 95719 17
8 Telangana 436325 27
9 Kerala 43676 8
10 Bihar 123148 35
11 Madhya Pradesh 118079 29
12 Maharashtra 162210 28
13 Uttar Pradesh 48663 9
14 West Bengal 45463 11
15 Arunachal Pradesh 133811 11
16 Andaman & Nicobar 3000 NA
17 Assam 375428 10
18 Manipur 66652 6
19 Meghalaya 122637 4
20 Mizoram 66792 8
21 Nagaland 51297 6
22 Tripura 146364 4
  Total 2799086 284

 

This information was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare  Narendra Singh Tomar in Lok Sabha today.