Surplus Overall Grain Availability in the country: Secretary, Food

New Delhi : India has a comfortable food situation with an overall surplus availability of grains and stocks expected to be higher than the minimum requirement for the next one year, Secretary, Department of Food and Public Distribution (DFPD), Shri Sudhanshu Pandey, said.

Addressing a press conference in New Delhi today, he said that after meeting the requirement of welfare schemes in the year ahead, on April 1, 2023, India would have stocks of 80 LMT of wheat, well above the minimum requirement of 75 LMT. India would have surplus wheat even though production was expected to 1050 LMT, slightly lower than the initial estimate of 1110 LMT in FY 23.

Responding to a question on lower procurement of wheat, Shri Pandey said that due to higher market prices, large quantity of wheat was being bought by traders at a higher rate than MSP (Minimum Support Price), which was good for the farmers. “This year due to an increase in market prices and higher demand by the private players both for the domestic as well as export purposes, the purchase by the government agency is less. But that goes in favour of the farmers. Farmers are getting a good price for the wheat,” the Secretary said.

He said that earlier the farmers had no option but to sell to the government. “Now, they are selling only that quantity to the government which they are unable to sell in the private market. Therefore, from that perspective, the government procurement has reduced,” he added.

The Secretary underlined the surplus availability of rice as well. He said, “Our rice procurement last year was about 600 LMT and this year same figure is expected. Our annual requirement for NFSA is roughly about 350 LMT. So, we are in a surplus situation.” He added that from next year, fortified rice will be distributed to the entire Public Distribution System (PDS) and with surplus rice stocks we are in a comfortable situation. “We will be switching over to the distribution of fortified rice next year, and this year we are covering all aspirational and heavy burden districts and ICDS and PM Poshan. Therefore, next year, we will be distributing fortified rice for the entire PDS and so, it is incumbent upon the government to position its stocks in such a way that the next year we procure fortified rice and distribute fortified rice,” Shri Pandey elaborated.

The Secretary talked at length about rice procurement. He said that rice is largely procured under a decentralized procurement scheme, that is, ‘States Procure and States Distribute’, which reduces the logistic cost. “If we were to move stocks only from the centralized places, then this burden further gets added up. So, now with the distribution of rice that this double movement of rakes will be avoided. Locally available stocks of rice will get distributed in the same state where they are getting consumed. So, this will help exporters with their requirement of rakes or movement within the country. It is going to help our exports and all commodities including food grains,” he said.

Shri Pandey also talked about the reallocation order under which 55 LMT additional Rice has been allocated in place of wheat in PMGKY. He said that this was done after extensive consultation will all States/UTs in two steps- firstly, the General Manager of Food Corporation of India (FCI) consulted various State authorities. In the second step, at the Ministry level, the PD (Public Distribution) division responsible for PDS in the country, consulted with States/UTs.

“There was a demand from the States that we are rice-consuming states and we will be more than happy to get more rice allocation. If rice stocks keep lying with states, the reimbursement cycle of food subsidy gets delayed. The moment the state is able to distribute the rice into the PDS system they become entitled to claim their subsidy. This is added advantage to the States otherwise they have to maintain the stocks and bear the expenses and only after distribution they will be able to get reimbursement of their Food subsidy,” Shri Pandey said.

Talking about the wheat exports, Shri Sudhanshu Pandey said that till now 40 LMT wheat has been contracted for export and about 11 LMT has been exported in April 2022. He informed that after Egypt, Turkey had also given approval for import of Indian wheat. Shri Pandey said that from June, wheat from Argentina and Australia would start arriving in the international markets, so this was the opportune time for exporters for sell wheat in the international markets.

Shri Pandey also clarified that the edible oil stocks were sufficient in the country and after a temporary ban by Indonesia, the palm oil imports were expected to start soon and this would soften the edible oil prices in the country.

Wheat/Rice (in Central Pool) Balance Sheet (All Quantities in LMT)


Sl. No. Item 2021-22






1 Opening Balance 273 190 323
2 Procurement 433 195 595
3. Total (1+2) 706 385 918
4. Allocation / Distribution

in    NFSA    /    OWS       / PMGKY

446 305* 520*



Sale under Open

Market Sale Scheme





0 (will depend on

final procurement


6. Closing stock (3-4-5) 190 80 (Minimum

stocking norms on 1st April is 75 LMT)

386 (Minimum

stocking norms on 1st April is 136 LMT)

*55 LMT additional Rice has been allocated in place of wheat in PMGKY.


Wheat – 2022-23


  • Due to early summer, production is estimated as 1050 LMT, earlier estimate was 1113 LMT.
  • Opening stock in central pool is 190 LMT
  • Expected wheat procurement is 195 LMT – Lower than last year due to

following reasons:

    • In    MP,   UP,   Rajasthan,    Gujarat    etc. farmers     are    selling  to traders/exporters at prices (21-24 Rs/kg) better than MSP (20.15 Rs/kg)
    • In Punjab, Haryana, UP production is lesser due to early summer and shrivel grain.
    • Farmers, traders are also holding some quantity, expecting higher price of wheat after some months.
  • Wheat required for NFSA, OWS and 6 months of PMGKY is 305 LMT
  • Reserve stock required to be with FCI on 1st April is 75 LMT and stocks will be approx 80 LMT.



  • Wheat export in 2019-20 was 2.17 LMT, 2020-21 was 21.55 LMT, 2021-22 was 72.15 LMT.

  • Due to all efforts of Govt., most of the countries including Egypt have given market access to India.
  • About 40 LMT wheat has been contracted for export and about 11 LMT has been exported in April 2022.


  • Rice export in 2019-20 was 94.90 LMT, 2020-21 was 177.79 LMT, 2021-22 was 211.87 LMT.

Sugar Balance Sheet


Particulars 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22


Carry- over stocks 105 145 110 85


Production of Sugar



(after discountin g diversion of 3 LMT



(after discounting diversion of 9 LMT)



(after discounting diversion of 24 LMT)



(after discounting diversion of 35 LMT)

Total availability  








Domestic consumption  










38 59 70

(Against target of

60LMT )


(projected) Without export subsidy

Estimated Closing stocks  









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