Promotion of skill development of tribal community

New Delhi : Union Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, ShriDharmendraPradhan in a written reply in the LokSabha today said that as per the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 India has a target to train 402.87 million by 2022. This includes 104.62 million new entrants to existing workforce in the country who need to be skilled to meet industry requirement. In addition 298.25 million of existing workforce need to be reskilled/upskilled.

The Ministry has been implementing PradhanMantriKaushalVikasYojana (PMKVY), Jan ShikshanSansthan(JSS) Scheme and National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) for providing short term Skill Development training to the youth belonging to all section of the society including tribal community.All of the above Schemes has the mandatory provision of utilization of funds fortribals through Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) component. The details of fund allocation under Tribal Sub Plan in the PMKVY Scheme, JSS scheme and NAPS in FY 2021-22 are given below:

(Rs. In crore)

S.No. Scheme Total Budget Estimates, 2021-22 Budget Estimates 2021-22 (ST component)
1. PMKVY 1438 110.50
2. JSS 161 12
3. NAPS 120 9.29

The MSDE through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) promotes establishment of model and aspirational skill centres known as PradhanMantriKaushal Kendra (PMKK) for imparting skill training in every district throughout the country including the tribal areas. In addition, the Ministry,under the JSS Scheme, 238 Jan ShikshanSansthans are being functional and75 new JSSs has been sanctioned for the current Financial Year (2021-22). In addition to this, under PMKVY Scheme, Training Centres (TCs) have been set up through NSDC. As on 10.07.2021, 2050 TCs have been operational under PMKVY 2.0. Further, there are 14,604 Industrial Training Institutes which provides long term training to all sections of the society including STs, out of which 1508 are in tribal areas.Capacity of a training centre/ institutes in terms of candidates varies from scheme to scheme and State to State.

The details of the centres set up under PMKVY scheme, JSS scheme and NAPSare given below:

S.No. Scheme Implemented through To be set up by Public/Private/PPP Financial arrangement
1 PMKVY NSDC Set up by private/public organization Cost of training and certification borne
2 JSS Jan ShikshanSansthan Non-Government Organization Cost of training and certification borne
3 NAPS Industrial Establishments Both public and private Stipends for apprentices

The following additional benefits are given to candidates to tribal candidates under the different skill development of schemes: Scheme Benefits for tribal candidates
1 JSS Course fees are waived for the SC, ST, Divyangjan& BPL category beneficiaries
2 CTS Benefits are extended as per State/UT policy.

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