Government launches eCourts Integrated Mission Mode Project in the country for computerization of District and subordinate courts

The Government has launched the eCourts Integrated Mission Mode Project in the country for computerization of District and subordinate courts with the objective of improving access to justice using technology. As part of the National eGovernance Plan, the project is under implementation since 2007 for ICT development of the Indian Judiciary based on the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology in the Indian Judiciary”. eCourts project is being implemented in association with e-Committee Supreme Court of India and Department of Justice. Phase I of the project was implemented during 2011-2015. Phase II of the project started in 2015 under which 18,735 District & Subordinate courts have been computerised so far.

Towards enhancement of ICT enablement of Courts, following initiatives have been taken under eCourts project by the eCommittee of the Supreme Court and the Department of Justice:

  1. Under the Wide Area Network (WAN) Project, 2976 court sites have been commissioned with 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps bandwidth speed.
  2. Case Information Software (CIS) which forms the basis for the e-Court services is based on customized Free and Open-Source Software (FOSS) which has been developed by NIC. Currently CIS National Core Version 3.2 is being implemented in District Courts and the CIS National Core Version 1.0 is being implemented for the High Courts.
  3. National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) is a database of orders, judgments, and cases, created as an online platform under the eCourts Project. It provides information relating to judicial proceedings/decisions of all computerized district and subordinate courts of the country. Litigants can access case status information in respect of over 22.38 crore cases and more than 20.83 crore orders / judgments (as on 01.03.2023). Open APIs have been introduced in 2020 to allow Central and State Governments and institutional litigants including local bodies to access NJDG data to improve pendency monitoring and compliance.
  4. As part of eCourts project, 7 platforms have been created to provide real time information on case status, cause lists, judgements etc. to lawyers/Litigants through SMS Push and Pull (2,00,000 SMS sent daily), Email (2,50,000 sent daily), multilingual and tactile eCourts services Portal (35 lakh hits daily), JSC (Judicial Service centres) and Info Kiosks.  In addition, Electronic Case Management Tools (ECMT) have been created with Mobile App for lawyers (total 1.64 cr. downloads till 31st January 2023) and JustIS app for judges (18,407 downloads till 31st December 2022). JustIS mobile app is now available in iOS as well.
  5. 21 Virtual Courts in 17 States/UTs have been operationalized to handle traffic challan cases. More than 2.40 crore cases have been handled by 21 virtual courts and in more than 33 lakhs (33,57,972) cases online fine of more than Rs. 359.34 crore has been realised till 31.01.2023.
  6. The Supreme Court of India emerged as a global leader by conducting 4,02,937 hearings (till 31.01.2023 since the beginning of lockdown period). The High Courts (77,67,596 cases and Subordinate Courts 1,84,95,235 cases) have conducted 2.63 crore virtual hearings till 24.12.2022. VC facilities have also been enabled between 3240 court complexes and corresponding 1272 jails. Funds for 2506 VC cabins and VC equipment for 14,443 courtrooms have also been released. 1500 VC licenses have been procured to promote virtual hearings. A sum of Rs. 7.60 crore has been released for procurement of 1732 Document Visualizers.
  7. New e-filing system (version 3.0) has been rolled out for the electronic filing of legal papers with upgraded features. Draft eFiling rules have been formulated and circulated to the High Courts for adoption. A total of 19 High Courts have adopted the model rules of e-Filing as on 31.01.2023. Additionally, under the jurisdiction of 25 High Courts, 19 District Courts have adopted the model rules of e-Filing as on 31.01.2023
  8. e-Filing of cases requires the option for electronic payment of fees which includes court fees, fines and penalties which are directly payable to the Consolidated Fund. A total of 20 High Courts have implemented ePayments in their respective jurisdictions. The Court Fees Act has been amended in 21 High Courts till 31.12.2022.
  9. National Service and Tracking of Electronic Processes (NSTEP) has been launched for technology enabled process serving and issuing of summons. It has currently been implemented in 28 States/ UTs.
  10. A new “Judgment Search” portal has been started with features such as search by Bench, Case Type, Case Number, Year, Petitioner/ Respondent Name, Judge Name, Act, Section, Decision: From Date, To Date and Full Text Search. This facility is being provided free of cost to all.
  11. To make effective use of database created through National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) and to make the information available to public 39 LED Display Message Sign Board System called Justice Clocks, have been installed in 25 High Courts.
  12. Towards creating widespread awareness and familiarization of eFiling and eCourts services and to address “skill divide”, a manual on eFiling and a Brochure on “How to register for eFiling” has been made available in English, Hindi and 11 regional languages for the use of the lawyers. A YouTube channel has been created in the name of the e Court services with video tutorials on eFiling. The eCommittee of the Supreme Court of India has conducted trainings and awareness programmes on the ICT services. These programmes have covered nearly 5,13,080 stakeholders, including High Court Judges, Judges of the District Judiciary, Court Staff, Master Trainers among Judges/DSA, Technical Staff of High Courts, and Advocates.

The phase II of the project is nearing its completion and Detailed Project Report (DPR) for e-Courts Phase III has been finalized and approved by eCommittee, Supreme Court of India on 21st October 2022. The meeting of the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) Meeting was held on 23.02.2023. Other, requisite approvals of eCourts Project Phase-III are at advance stage. Phase III of the project envisions facilitation of various new features, few of which are the digital initiatives that encompass Digital and Paperless Courts that aim to bring court proceedings under a digital format in a court; Online Court that focus on eliminating the presence of litigants or lawyers in the court through exploration and adoption of different forms of digitally enabled hearings; expansion of scope of Virtual Courts beyond adjudication of Traffic Violations ; use of emerging technologies like Artificial Intelligence and its subsets like Optical Character Recognition (OCR) etc for analysis of case pendency, forecasting future litigation, etc.

Funds released during the last three years for infrastructure development of e-Courts are given in Annexure-I.

The details of courts where virtual hearing is taking place is given in Annexure-II.

Training programmes were organised for Judges of High Court to familiarize them with the technology for conducting online hearings.

The details of the academic programmes that were conducted by the National Judicial Academy on e-Courts / e-Committee for High Court Judges are given below:


 S/N Prog. No. Programme Name Prog. Date No. of Participants
1 P-1276 Workshop for High Court Justices on ICT enablement of Indian Judiciary through E-Courts Project and the evolving concept of Artificial Intelligence 08 & 09/01/2022 24
2 P-1300 Master Trainer Programme for High Court Judges (e-committee) 21/08/2022 25
3 P-1313 e-committee National Conference (e-committee) 06/11/2022 31
4 P-1334 Ecourts Introductory Programme & Computer Skills Enhancement Programme – Level I & II (e-committee) 05/03/2023 31

In addition to the above exclusive programmes on e-Courts, two sessions are fully dedicated on e-Courts in each of the Regional Conferences being organized by the National Judicial Academy for the current academic year 2022-23. During the current academic year i.e; 2022-23, NJA has scheduled 8 Regional Conferences, of which, 5 programmes have been conducted so far in which the total number of participants was 625 (which includes High Court Justices and Judicial Officers).



Statement referred to in reply of Rajya Sabha Question No.1885 for 16/03/2023 regarding e-Courts project for online hearing. The funds released during the last three years for infrastructure development are:

S.No. High Courts 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
1 Allahabad 15.04 13.79 0.00
2 Andhra Pradesh 0.00 1.96 0.00
3 Bombay 0.00 8.86 0.00
4 Calcutta 0.00 4.93 0.00
5 Chhattisgarh 4.44 2.34 0.00
6 Delhi 0.00 3.00 0.00
7 (a) Gauhati
(Arunachal Pradesh)
0.98 1.52 1.26
7 (b) Gauhati (Assam) 13.68 6.11 3.49
7 (c) Gauhati (Mizoram) 0.51 0.72 0.30
7 (d) Gauhati (Nagaland) 0.70 0.83 0.84
8 Gujarat* 0.00 3.48 0.00
9 Himachal Pradesh 0.00 2.00 0.00
10 Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh 0.00 1.00 0.00
11 Jharkhand 5.53 2.98 0.00
12 Karnataka 9.15 4.29 0.00
13 Kerala 0.00 2.83 1.58
14 Madhya Pradesh 11.21 6.28 0.00
15 Madras 0.00 4.73 0.00
16 Manipur 0.61 1.30 0.76
17 Meghalaya 0.92 2.32 2.23
18 Orissa 13.46 3.37 0.00
19 Patna 7.08 5.44 0.00
20 Punjab & Haryana 0.00 4.55 0.00
21 Rajasthan 1.29 10.58 1.62
22 Sikkim 1.61 1.01 0.77
23 Telangana 0.00 1.79 0.00
24 Tripura 2.24 4.44 0.95
25 Uttarakhand 0.00 1.28 0.00
Total 88.44 107.74 13.80

*Gujarat High Court surrendered Rs.13.12 Cr. Total utilization included surrendered funds.




Statement referred to in reply of Rajya Sabha Question No.1885 for 16/03/2023 regarding e-Courts project for online hearing. Details of courts where virtual hearing is taking place along with details of cases heard through virtual hearings as on 31 January 2023 are:

Details of courts where virtual hearing is taking place along with details of cases heard through virtual hearings as on 31 January 2023

S. No. High Court No. of hearings in High Courts No. of hearings in District Courts Total Hearings
1 Allahabad 241390 4114257 4355647
2 Andhra Pradesh 380252 1412770 1793022
3 Bombay 38305 80818 119123
4 Calcutta 139053 81940 220993
5 Chhattisgarh 103097 43160 146257
6 Delhi 317729 4502342 4820071
7 Gauhati – Arunachal Pradesh 2292 8128 10420
8 Gauhati – Assam 266160 333777 599937
9 Gauhati – Mizoram 3963 13268 17231
10 Gauhati – Nagaland 930 650 1580
11 Gujarat 388929 192808 581737
12 Himachal Pradesh 183904 100200 284104
13 Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh 257708 458532 716240
14 Jharkhand 218343 641727 860070
15 Karnataka 1170814 123066 1293880
16 Kerala 160411 541229 701640
17 Madhya Pradesh 668369 782248 1450617
18 Madras 1424427 347900 1772327
19 Manipur 38695 15288 53983
20 Meghalaya 2859 27554 30413
21 Orissa 288674 247949 536623
22 Patna 275754 2116523 2392277
23 Punjab & Haryana 581047 1873547 2454594
24 Rajasthan 229688 179006 408694
25 Sikkim 482 12227 12709
26 Telangana 299031 190327 489358
27 Tripura 10585 12564 23149
28 Uttarakhand 74705 41430 116135
Total 7767596 18495235 26262831


This information was given by the Union Minister of Law & Justice, Shri Kiren Rijiju in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.

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