Government has taken several measures to make small holdings more viable

New Delhi : As per the results of Agriculture Census 2015-16, State/UT-wise number and percentage of marginal & small operational holders and marginal female operational holders in the country is given at Annexure.

Government has taken several measures to make small holdings more viable. These include adoption of modern technologies and practices like multiple cropping, intercropping and integrated farming systems. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is conducting research programme to develop location specific varieties and technologies for enhancing the production and productivity of farm holdings. Support is also provided to farmers (including small and marginal farmers) through initiatives and programmes of the Government like interest subvention scheme, Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Neem coated Urea, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchay Yojana (PMKSY), Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) etc.

 

As per the Demand Supply projection made by the NITI Aayog for 2033, the balance sheet is projected to be quite affirmative for the foodgrains as a whole and further increase in production of foodgrains is suggested to be achieved mainly through increase in productivity of crops. For this, the Government of India is implementing several Crop Development Schemes/Programmes such as National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI), National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Soil Health Card etc. Also, assistance is being provided for various interventions like different types of demonstrations on latest crops production technologies, promotion of newly released High Yielding Varieties (HYVs)/Hybrids, climate resilient varieties/stress tolerant/bio-fortified varieties, Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) & Integrated Pest Management (IPM) techniques, water conservation devices, improved farm implements/tools and capacity building of farmers etc., through State Governments.

 

To achieve further growth in agricultural area under irrigation and to meet the objectives of National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Government is implementing Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana(PMKSY) since 2015-16 with the motto of “Har Khet Ko Pani” for providing end to end solutions in irrigation supply chain viz, water resources, distribution network and farm level applications. This scheme is being implemented through its four components viz, Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), PMKSY-Har Khet Ko Pani, PMKSY-Watershed, PMKSY-Per Drop More Crop. The PMKSY-Per Drop More Crop component of the scheme focuses on enhancing water use efficiency at farm level through Micro Irrigation viz., Drip and Sprinkler irrigation systems. Besides promoting Micro Irrigation, this component also supports micro level water storage or water conservation/management activities to supplement source creation for Micro Irrigation.Under this component,about 57.31 lakh ha. area has been brought under the coverage of micro irrigation during the period 2015-16 to 2020-21.

Annexure

State/UT-wise Number and Percentage of Marginal & Small Operational Holders and Female Marginal Operational Holders as per Agriculture Census 2015-16

           
S. No States/UTs Marginal (below 1.0 ha.) – Total Small (1.0 ha. <2.0 ha.) – Total Marginal (below 1.0 ha.) – Female
Number (‘000) Percentage Number (‘000) Percentage Number (‘000) Percentage
1 A & N Islands 5 43.12 3 21.19 2 13.99
2 Andhra Pradesh 5904 69.26 1646 19.31 1854 21.75
3 Arunachal Pradesh 27 23.98 24 21.24 4 3.76
4 Assam 1868 68.13 495 18.07 26 0.95
5 Bihar 14971 91.21 944 5.75 2116 12.89
6 Chandigarh Neg. 64.17 Neg. 18.58 Neg 7.75
7 Chhattisgarh 2434 60.69 879 21.93 382 9.52
8 D & N Haveli 9 56.47 4 25.40 2 10.96
9 Daman & Diu 7 92.59 Neg. 5.28 1 17.50
10 Delhi 11 55.12 5 26.08 2 10.16
11 Goa 59 79.76 8 10.84 16 21.97
12 Gujarat 2019 37.94 1616 30.37 347 6.53
13 Haryana 802 49.29 314 19.28 126 7.73
14 Himachal Pradesh 712 71.45 173 17.40 62 6.18
15 Jammu & Kashmir 1187 83.79 160 11.29 99 6.96
16 Jharkhand 1962 69.98 419 14.94 255 9.09
17 Karnataka 4767 54.92 2214 25.50 1037 11.95
18 Kerala 7333 96.70 181 2.39 1712 22.58
19 Lakshadweep 10 95.46 Neg. 2.81 4 39.82
20 Madhya Pradesh 4835 48.33 2725 27.24 668 6.67
21 Maharashtra 7816 51.13 4339 28.39 1275 8.34
22 Manipur 77 50.97 49 32.39 7 4.42
23 Meghalaya 123 52.82 60 25.93 48 20.62
24 Mizoram 45 50.08 27 30.61 6 7.08
25 Nagaland 8 4.18 30 15.16 3 1.52
26 Odisha 3637 74.74 887 18.23 154 3.16
27 Puducherry 28 83.81 3 10.00 7 20.02
28 Punjab 154 14.13 207 18.98 5 0.43
29 Rajasthan 3071 40.12 1677 21.91 384 5.02
30 Sikkim 44 61.92 13 17.85 3 4.27
31 Tamil Nadu 6224 78.41 1119 14.10 1269 15.99
32 Telangana 3840 64.56 1409 23.69 890 14.96
33 Tripura 504 87.95 48 8.37 65 11.28
34 Uttar Pradesh 19100 80.18 3008 12.63 1583 6.64
35 Uttarakhand 659 74.78 149 16.89 87 9.83
36 West Bengal 5998 82.81 971 13.41 217 3.00
  All India 100251 68.45 25809 17.62 14716 10.05
Note: (1) Percentage is based on absolute figures; (2) Neg.=Negligible (i.e. less than 500 units); (3) Total may not tally due to rounding off.

 

This information was given by Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.