Estimation of Per Capita Income

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New Delhi: The estimates of national income (measured as net national income) and per capita income (measured as per capita net national income) of the country during the last three years are as under:

Item (at current prices)                       2014-15                 2015-16              2016-17

Net National Income (Rs. crore)           10953761              12076882            13408211

Per Capita Net National Income (Rs.)     86454                  94130                  103219

Annual estimates of net state domestic product (NSDP) and per capita income (measured as per capita NSDP) are compiled by all the States/UTs except UTs of Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep. As per latest reports, data for the 33 States/UTs is available till the year 2014-15. The information is given in the statement at Annexure-I.

The Government has been implementing several programmes for skill development, self-employment, wage employment and creation of assets that aim to promote inclusive growth and thereby bridge the income gaps.  These include Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihood Mission (DAY-NULM) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA) and various rural development schemes of the Department of Rural Development (DRD), namely,  Mahatma  Gandhi  National  Rural  Employment  Guarantee  Scheme  (MGNREGS), Pradhan  Mantri  Awaas  Yojana Gramin  (PMAYG),  Pradhan  Mantri  Gram  Sadak  Yojana (PMGSY), Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAYNRLM) and Deen  Dayal  Upadhyaya-Grameen  Kaushalya  Yojana  (DDU-GKY).

The State/UT-wise details of per capita income for the year 1989-90 (before 1991 economic reforms) and for the year 1992-93 (after 1991 economic reforms) are given in the statement at Annexure-II.State/UT-wise per capita income for the year 2014-15 (latest available) is included in the statement given at Annexure-I.

Level of inequality is assessed in terms of Lorenz ratios of monthly per capita expenditure distribution using consumer expenditure data of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). The NSSO 68th round report for the year 2011-12 noted that there was an increase in inequality (in terms of Lorenz ratio) from 0.297 to 0.307 for the rural sector and from 0.373 to 0.385 for the urban sector, when compared to the data of 61st round for the year 2004-05. Reasons for increase were not surveyed.

Comparison of inequality in terms of Lorenz ratios at State level based on NSSO 68th round (2011-12) data and 66th round (2009-10) data indicates that inequality in rural sector increased in all States/ UTs except for Sikkim, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. During this period, in respect of the urban sector, inequality increased in Manipur, Mizoram, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Delhi, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Haryana and Kerala.

This information was given by Minister for Statistics and Programme Implementation Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha.

Annexure-I

Statement referred to in reply to parts (a) & (b) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 2831 for 02.08.2017

State/UT-wise NSDP (Rs. crore) and Per Capita Income (Rs.) at current prices as on 31.03.2017 

S. No. State/UT NSDP Per Capita Income
2014-15 2014-15
1 Andhra Pradesh 469909 93699
2 Arunachal Pradesh 15410 103633
3 Assam 178479 54618
4 Bihar 345571 31380
5 Chhattisgarh 211016 78001
6 Goa 36290 242745
7 Gujarat 789949 124678
8 Haryana 395890 148485
9 Himachal Pradesh 88196 124500
10 Jammu & Kashmir 83217 62857
11 Jharkhand 198386 56737
12 Karnataka 843918 132880
13 Kerala 473045 139195
14 Madhya Pradesh 429896 56182
15 Maharashtra 1572037 134081
16 Manipur 16189 52436
17 Meghalaya 21838 68202
18 Mizoram 10136 85659
19 Nagaland 16137 78526
20 Odisha 282322 64869
21 Punjab 332999 114561
22 Rajasthan 554783 76881
23 Sikkim 13318 210394
24 Tamil Nadu 970953 130197
25 Telangana 462636 125832
26 Tripura 27484 71666
27 Uttar Pradesh 925437 43861
28 Uttarakhand 142628 134784
29 West Bengal# 728974    78903
30 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 5025 121954
31 Chandigarh 25061 225369
32 Delhi 447435 249004
33 Puducherry 21776 158830

#Estimates for the State of West Bengal are at base year 2004-05. Estimates for the remaining States are at base year 2011-12.

Annexure-II

Statement referred to in reply to part (b) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 2831 for 02.08.2017

State/UT-wise Per Capita Income (Rs.) at current prices

S. No. State/UT 1989-90 1992-93
1 Andhra Pradesh* 3899 5748
2 Arunachal Pradesh 4461 7514
3 Assam 3723 4973
4 Bihar* 2312 2998
5 Goa 7988 12800
6 Gujarat 5304 8235
7 Haryana 6233 9037
8 Himachal Pradesh 4375 6390
9 Jammu & Kashmir 3618 4457
10 Karnataka 4044 6321
11 Kerala 3718 5768
12 Madhya Pradesh* 3306 4544
13 Maharashtra 6570 10080
14 Manipur 3574 5023
15 Meghalaya 3836 5272
16 Mizoram 4135 6599
17 Nagaland 4300 6273
18 Odisha 3218 4114
19 Punjab 7624 11140
20 Rajasthan 3241 5197
21 Sikkim 4686 5722
22 Tamil Nadu 4370 6680
23 Tripura 3185 3773
24 Uttar Pradesh* 3087 4335
25 West Bengal 4220 5541
26 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 5334 6277
27 Delhi 10019 15429
28 Puducherry 6231 7584

*: Estimates for Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Telangana are included in the estimates of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh respectively.

Note: The UTs of Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep did not compile these estimates.

 

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