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DEENAKRUSHNA DAS

Born at Jaleswar in Balasore district. Famous for his book ‘Rasakallola’, the Divine Leela of Lord Radha & Krishna and a staunch devotee of Lord Jagannath. Deenakrushna Das is an outstanding Oriya poet of the medieval Oriya literature. Not many details about him are available. He was born in Jaleswar in the State of Orissa and was contemporary of Mukunda Dev (1651-1686 A.D.) and Dibyasingha Dev (1686-1713 A.D.) the then kings of Orissa. A major part of his life was spent in the holy center of Puri. His mastery over varied subjects like Sanskrit rhetoric’s, poetics, grammar, scriptures, astrology, classical medicine etc., made him a figure of eminence.

But his domestic life was singularly fraught with continued poverty and ailments. The ruler of Orissa, the then Maharaja of Puri, promised him many allurements provided Deenakrushna wrote a panegyric in the king’s honour. The poet was threatened as well. But undaunted as he was, he rejected all such offers and remained resolute in glorifying the Lord through his writings. He was a devoted worshipper of Lord Jagannath and a sincere follower of the Orissa Vaishnab cult. It is said that he was inflicted with the horrible disease of leprosy and yet he used to visit the Puri temple of Lord Jagannath and sing his devotional songs in a most moving voice everyday. But the ruler of Puri banished him from his holy land of Lord Jagannath out of sheer vengeance and vengefulness. The exact time and place of the poet’s death is till unknown.

Deenakrushna has about 15 poetical volumes to his credit, among which the most famous one is Rasakollola. Rasa Binoda, Guna Sagar, Bhaba Samudra, Amruta Sagar, Tattwa Sagar, Bhuta Keli Alankora Bali and Naba Keli are some of his notable creations. He earned a great reputation in writing Chautisa and other lyrical poems about Radha and Krushna. Rasakallola is not only his best, but alo a unique piece of poetry in Oriya lierature. Deenakrushna’s literary contribution for the common mass is not of a mean order. His Prastab Sindhu consists of ballads written in allegories and the style tone and treatent of the books is marked for its simplicity and piety. Most of his ballads are abased on parables drawn from the Sanskrit classics of Hittopadesha and Panchatantra and the rest are inspired by his own imaginative instinct. The most recurrent themes of his writings are the glorification and the portrayal of the divine drama of deities he worshipped, viz, Lord Jagannath, Sri Radha and Sri Krishna.

Rasakallola has a distinct place in Oriya literature for its sheer poetic excellence and mellifluousness. It deals with the amours of Krushna with the maidens of Gopapura and consists of thirty-four melodious cantos and each lien of the cantos beings with the initial sound ‘Ka’, the first consonant in Oriy language. This device proves his poetic ingenuity and mastery over the lexicon of the Oriya language. The cantos are again musically conditioned according to the Ragas and the Raginis (Musical notes and tunes) prevalent in Orissa. Deenakrushna has shown matchless skill in painting the natural cycle of seasons and seasonal amours and romantic adventures associated with the seasons.

Centering round the drama of Shri Radha and Shri Krushna, Deenakrushna has written many songs and Chautisas overflowing with a sort of mystically human and divine love. Chautisa, as practiced and popularized in the prolific writings of Deenakrushna, are a type of metrical composition in which every line begins with the consonants with their alphabetical sequence. It was he, who popularized this particular form of lyrical composition. Artatrana Chautisa is his most popular and widely known devotional composition. He has many lyrics inspired by his devotion for Shri Krushna and a mystical sense of human love. Thus he has established a tradition and an ideal in Oriya poetry and for which he remains an immortal Oriya poet.

 
   
JAYADEVA SARALA DAS ATIBADI JAGANNATHA DAS DEENAKRUSHNA DAS KABI SAMRAT UPENDRA BHANJA
GOPAL KRUSHNA PATNAIK BRAJANATH BADAJENA KAVISURYA BALADEV RATH ABHIMNYU SAMANTA SINGHARA
KABIBARA RADHANATH RAY BHIMA BHOI NANDAKISHORE BAL GANAKABI BAISNAB PANI Gangadhar Meher
KABI SHEKHAR CHINTAMANI MOHANTY JATINDRA MOHAN MOHANTY KUNTALA KUMARI SABAT GURU PRASAD MOHANTY
Kabi Surya Baladeba Rath RAJA BAHADUR RAMCHANDRA MARDAJ DEO BAIKUNTHA NATH PATNAIK
KANTAKABI LAXMIKANTA MOHAPATRA KABICHANDRA KALICHARAN PATNAIK MAYADHARA MANSINGH
RADHA MOHANA GADNAYAK ANANTA PATNAIK NITYANAND MOHAPATRA SACHI ROUTRAY BINOD NAYAK
BENUDHAR ROUT CHINTAMANI BEHERA RAMAKANTA RATH SITAKANTA MOHAPATRA
DEEPAK MISHRA DR. RAJENDRA KISHORE PANDA PRATIBHA SATPATHY DR. MANORAMA BISWAL MOHAPATRA
DR. PRASANNA KUMAR PATSANI
 
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