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BATHUDI

The concentration of the Bathudis is more in the northwestern parts of the state of Orissa, particularly in the areas bordering the districts of Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar. Their settlements lie mostly on the plains in the rural areas and many of them are at present in such living standard that to call them a hill tribe is perhaps a misnomer.

They live in houses made of mud walls and thatched roofs. They love to decorate their walls with multicoloured floral designs. Their dress is scanty. A coarse cotton dhoti fulfils the requirement of a male person. The women wear sari and generally prefer orange coloured ones.

They use silver ornaments. Tattooing is popular among the Bathudi women. It is called Khada. According to their traditions, before marriage, a Bathudi girl tattoos one or two floral designs on her forehead or arm. Bathudis' marriage takes place either in the house of the groom or the bride. Both the systems are prevalent in the district. Most of the Bathudis speak Oriya and only a few have taken to HO as their mother tongue. Cultivation is their main occupation. They worship all Hindu Gods and Goddesses.

They worship village deities like Basuli, Sundura Gouri, and Hatiani etc. in shape of blocks of stone. It is the village Dehuri who worships the deities. Due to the impact of modern civilizations and change in the outlook of the people the dress and other habits of the Bathudis have changed to certain extent. But in the remote rural areas the old habits still persist.

 
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