Rural folk
art & Handicraft

Biswakarma Puja


Biswakarma is referred to the old carpenter who came from nowhere and persuaded king Indradyumna to allow him to make the idol of Jagannath out of the "Daru" or sandalwood log. On tenth day of complete isolation however at the behest of the queen Gundicha the doors are opened ajar and the half-made idols were found in the sanctum - sanctorium. From those days this festival is associated with installing the idol of Vishwakarma and worshipping him to protect the business interests and trading. The employee and the employer in factories and mills treat this day auspicious for their gainful association.

The festival of the God of Architecture, Biswakarma, the Divine Architect, is celebrated in September by industrial houses, artists, craftsmen, and weavers. Artisans clean their tools and repaint old machines. The day is also one for flying Kites.

Biswakarma is known as the divine engineer since the Puranic age. As a mark of reverence He is still worshipped specially by the engineering community. The festival is observed on the Kanya Sankranti Day (September) which follows the Ganesh Puja, in every industrial towns of Orissa. Towns like Hirakud and Rourkela present the grandest ceremony on the occesion depicting different fire works connected with modern technology.

The celebration is mainly done in factories and industrial areas. Shop floors in various factories wear a festive look on this occasion. In beautifully decorated pandals the image of Biswakarma and his faithful elephant are inaugurated and worshipped. Biswakarma is the divine architect of the whole universe and is personification of the creative power that wields heaven and earth together. He has four hands, carrying a water-pot, a book, a noose and craftsman’s tools. All the divine weapons, chariots, etc. possessed by gods are his creation. He is also the chief architect and builder of Lanka, Dwarka and Yampuri. His daughter Sanjana was married to Surya (Sun-God) and Saranya to Vaivaswat Manu. Mythology says that it was Biswakarma who crafted the entire universe, and that is why he is regarded as the supreme worker, the very essence of excellence and quality in craftsmanship. He revealed the sciences of industry to man and is the patron deity of all those who are engaged in productive enterprises.
Janmashtami Biswakarma Puja Ganesh Chaturthi Nuakhai Sunia
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