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The district of Koraput derives its name from its headquarters the present town of Koraput. In ancient times when the Nalas were ruling over this tract, Pushkari near modern Umarkot was the capital city.  In the medieval period Nandapur developed as the capital under  the  Silavamsi  kings  and  sometimes  under  the

 
    
 kings of the Solar dynasty.  Viravikrama Deo of the Solar dynasty shifted his headquarters to  Jeypore about the middle of the 17th century and this town prospered as  the capital. Koraput was chosen by the British in 1870 for better health prospects. The origin of the name of Koraput is obscure. There are several theories, none of which is convincing. 

Accroding to  Mr. R.C.S.Bell the name of the town is ‘Kora-Putti’ or”the hamlet of the nux-vomica” and it is derived presumably from a tree or trees that must at one time have been prominent near the site. But today not a singly tree of nux-vomica is to be found near about the town of Koraput and so the assumption or Mr. Bell is open to question.  Accroding to second theory, Koraput is corrupted form of ‘Karaka pentho’ Karaka literally mans ‘hail-stone’.

            It is also believed that one ‘Khora Naiko’ laid foundation of the village during the time of Nandapur kings. He hailed probably from Ranpur and served under the Nandapur kings in the Militia, and for his faithful and meritorious services he has permitted to establish this village which was named after him as Khora Putu, and later on the name has beenabbreviated to ‘Koraput’.

Important Places

Savara Shrikhetra

The District headquarters situated 2,900 ft. above sea level.  Also known as “Sabar Shrikshetra”, the modern Jagannath Temple has come up on a hilltop.
The Tribal Museum behind the temple caters to and educates the tourists about the culture and heritage of the tribals.

Duduma Waterfall, Machkund 

 Duduma Waterfall, Machkund:The majestic waterfall, also known as “Matsya Tirtha” falls from a height of 175 meters. A hydro - electric project with its winch developed amidst deep greenery is a place for pleasure.

Three KMs away from Duduma waterfall, a small village of Ankadeli draws the attention of foreign tourists to its weekly markets on Thursdays where the most primitive tribe “the Bondas”, come from the remote, inaccessible dense forest.

Jolaput is known for its newly constructed dam reservoir. The lake formed by the dam is 68.2 Sq. Kms. It’s a picnic spot, 77 Kms from Koraput.
 
Gupteswar Temple:

Important cave shrine of Lord Shiva situated on a lime stone hill on the bank of river Kolab, surrounded by natural Scenery. The sacred “Lingam” called Gupteswar, literally meaning, “Hidden God”, is also popularly known as “Gupta Kedar” in Chattisgarh. Shivaratri is the major festival  which attracts a large umber of visitors.

Shree Hanumanji,Dumuriput Dumuriput:

A village stands between Koraput and Sunabeda by the side of NH 43.  The famous Sri Ram Temple situated in the locality is widely known for the highest kneeling Hanuman Statue in Orissa.  Shree Ram Navami festival is popularly celebrated every year which attracts a large number of devotees.

Nandapur:
The ancient capital of Jeypore estate, attracts a number of visitors to witness the Batrisa Sinhasan, an object of interest. The 1.8 meters image of Ganapati speaks of ancient heritage of the place. The shrines of Sarbeswar and its inscriptions point to the antiquities of the place.

Jain Statue:A roadside village between Semiliguda and Nandapur with remains of an old Jain monastery. The place invites the attention of the antiquarian for exploration.
A Govt. Museum with antiquities and craft works, mostly famous for Jain iconography.  It is located in the town hall complex, close to the Govt. bus stand. Jain imaged are found at several places of the district.

Kolab Dam

Kolab Dam  Kolab-At an altitude of about 3000 ft. above sea level on river Kolab, stands the majestic Kolab Reservoir generating Hydro Electric Power.  The place is highly admired for its scenic beauty, attracting people for weekend picnic and boating.

NALCO, Damanjodi

Damanjodi:The town came to limelight with the coming up of NALCO, Asia’s biggest Alumina Complex  Nearby stands the highest peak of Orissa, Damanjodi an ideal place for trekking.

RAILWAY TUNNEL , MALIGUDA

 Maliguda:35 Kms eastwards of Jeypore, is a small village where on a hill top stands India’s highest broad gauge Railway tunnel.  The place is ideal for weekend picnic.

Jeypore Palace  

Jeypore:The city of victory and the palace of erstwhile Jeypore estate.  The old fort is incircled by high masonary wall with an imposing gateway.  A mile and a half wide great water tank, west of the town, known as Jagannath Sagar, is ideal for water sports.  Jeypore, developed as the center of trade in Koraput district, is also famous for paper mask crafts.

Tribal Museum

Tribal Museum, Koraput Tribal Museum:The Tribal Museum behind the temple caters to and educates the tourists about the culture and heritage of the tribals.

HOW TO REACH
 AIR       Nearest air port is at Visakhapatnam

 TRAIN    Well connected from Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar, Delhi, Chennai and Kolkata

 Road      Convenient road transport facilities available NH43

Important Facts

Area

7,897 Sq.Km.

Forest

1879.53Sq.
Km.

Blocks

Tahasils

Subdivisions

Population

10,51,842

Literacy Rate

36.20%

1. Jeypore sadar
2. Kundura
3. Kotapada
4. Boriguma
5. Pattangi
6. Nandapur
7. Laxmipur
8. Similiguda
9. Baipariguda
10. Lambatraput
11. Narayanpatana
12. Dashmantpur
13. Koraput Sadar

1. Koraput
2. Nandapur
3. Boriguma
4. Jayapur
5. Kotapada
6. Machhakunda

1. Koraput
2. Jayapur

Head quarter

Koraput

Vidhasabha seats

4

Sub division

2

Villages

1,997

Blocks

12

Grama panchayat

197

Municipality

1

Towns

4

N.A.C

3

Temperature

 

Tahasils

6

Rainfall

1334.6mm
(Avg)


 
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