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Orissa Diary : Fuelling Orissa's Future
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Education is the principal instrument of developing human capabilities. In India it is in the concurrent list. It is the main part of the government to provide education to its citizens. By which it will help to shape the destiny of the nation.

But in recent times there is a sea change in the tools, technology and mode of education. In the post-independence era, the mode & method of education has continually evolved in Orissa and India. In the modern times to cater the needs of specific groups the need for differentiation in education method has also changed in Orissa. After independence Orissa is improving & competing with other states of India to become a prosperous state in the field of education.

The literacy percentage of Orissa is improving highly. Now it has a number of Universities, General colleges, Medical, Engineering , Management, Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Law, Dance & Music Colleges, B.E.D training Centers, C.T. and Hindi training Centers. Due to the high standard of education in Orissa Students from all over India are coming to Orissa for higher studies. With the increase of public-private participation, now the students of Orissa enjoying most modern facilities in education. With the change of time educational institutions like Xavier Institute of Business Management, Institute of Physics, Utkal Univrsity, National Institute of Technology-Rourkela, Biju Pattnaik University of Technology, IIMC-Dhenkanal, Kalinga Institute of Technology, S C B Medical College, Cuttack, V S S Medical College & Hospital, Burla  and so on dazzles Orissa’s name nationally and internationally in the filed of education.
Orissa has always made concerted efforts to provide quality education to all. Prospects of a brighter future is evidently in the offing in view of certain major initiatives of the Government of Orissa, the Government of India and private parties.

Fact of Orissa Education

  • The average literacy rate in Orissa is 63.08% during 2001, as against all India average of 64.8%.

  • Male literacy rate is 75.95% and female literacy rate is 50.51% during 2001.
  • 44,416 Primary Schools with 52.54 lakh enrolment and 97 lakh teachers in the State as on 2003-2004. There is one Primary School  for every 3.5 Sq.Km area.
  • Mid day Meal Programme has been operational since 1995. In 2003-04, 46.32 lakh children in 51,931 schools were brought under this scheme.
  • 14.233 Upper Primary Schools as on 2003-04. There is one Upper Primary School for each 10.94 km area in the State.
  • Overall dropout rate at the primary stage was 33.6%, the dropout rate for girls was 35.4% and for boys 31.9% during 2003-04.
  • Dropout rate at upper primary stage has decreased from 59% in 2002-03 & 57.5% in 2003-04. 56.5% boys dropped out inupper primary stage in 2003-04 while 58.6% girls dropped out in the same year.
  • Secondary stage of education from Classes VIII to X is under the academic control of the Board of Secondary Education. During 2003-04, 7,011 high schools were functioning in the State which 3,556 were Government High Schools and 657 were aided schools. During 2003-04, there was one High School for every 22.2 sq. km.
  • The dropout rate in high school has decreased from 69.5% in 2001-02 to 64.4% in 2003-04. 62.5% boys dropped out while 66.7% girls dropped out of high school in 2003-2004.
  • 1,112 General Colleges to provide facilities for higher secondary education in the State including 48 Government Colleges. The Council of Higher Secondary Education regulates higher secondary education, conducts examination and co-ordinate University Education.
  • During 2003-2004, 1,679 General Colleges were functioning, out of which 96 were Government and 601 were aided colleges.
  • There are 4 Government Training Colleges, six Colleges of Teachers Education and three Institutes of Advanced Study in Education, in the State.
  • The State has nine Universities.
  • Computer Education has been included as on optional subject in the secondary level by the Board of Secondary Education
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