Education is the principal instrument of developing
human capabilities. In India it is in the concurrent
list. It is the main part of the government to provide
education to its citizens. By which it will help to
shape the destiny of the nation.
But in recent times
there is a sea change in the tools, technology and mode
of education. In the post-independence era, the mode
& method of education has continually evolved in
Orissa and India. In the modern times to cater the needs
of specific groups the need for differentiation in education
method has also changed in Orissa. After independence
Orissa is improving & competing with other states
of India to become a prosperous state in the field of
The literacy percentage of Orissa is improving highly.
Now it has a number of Universities, General colleges,
Medical, Engineering , Management, Ayurvedic, Homeopathic,
Law, Dance & Music Colleges, B.E.D training Centers,
C.T. and Hindi training Centers. Due to the high standard
of education in Orissa Students from all over India
are coming to Orissa for higher studies. With the increase
of public-private participation, now the students of
Orissa enjoying most modern facilities in education.
With the change of time educational institutions like
Xavier Institute of Business Management, Institute of
Physics, Utkal Univrsity, National Institute of Technology-Rourkela,
Biju Pattnaik University of Technology, IIMC-Dhenkanal,
Kalinga Institute of Technology, S C B Medical College,
Cuttack, V S S Medical College & Hospital, Burla
and so on dazzles Orissa’s name nationally and
internationally in the filed of education.
Orissa has always made concerted efforts to provide
quality education to all. Prospects of a brighter future
is evidently in the offing in view of certain major
initiatives of the Government of Orissa, the Government
of India and private parties.
Fact of Orissa Education
The average literacy rate in
Orissa is 63.08% during 2001, as against all India
average of 64.8%.
Male literacy rate is 75.95%
and female literacy rate is 50.51% during 2001.
- 44,416 Primary Schools with 52.54
lakh enrolment and 97 lakh teachers in the State
as on 2003-2004. There is one Primary School
for every 3.5 Sq.Km area.
- Mid day Meal Programme has been
operational since 1995. In 2003-04, 46.32 lakh children
in 51,931 schools were brought under this scheme.
- 14.233 Upper Primary Schools as
on 2003-04. There is one Upper Primary School for
each 10.94 km area in the State.
- Overall dropout rate at the primary
stage was 33.6%, the dropout rate for girls was
35.4% and for boys 31.9% during 2003-04.
- Dropout rate at upper primary stage
has decreased from 59% in 2002-03 & 57.5% in
2003-04. 56.5% boys dropped out inupper primary
stage in 2003-04 while 58.6% girls dropped out in
the same year.
- Secondary stage of education from
Classes VIII to X is under the academic control
of the Board of Secondary Education. During 2003-04,
7,011 high schools were functioning in the State
which 3,556 were Government High Schools and 657
were aided schools. During 2003-04, there was one
High School for every 22.2 sq. km.
- The dropout rate in high school
has decreased from 69.5% in 2001-02 to 64.4% in
2003-04. 62.5% boys dropped out while 66.7% girls
dropped out of high school in 2003-2004.
- 1,112 General Colleges to provide
facilities for higher secondary education in the
State including 48 Government Colleges. The Council
of Higher Secondary Education regulates higher secondary
education, conducts examination and co-ordinate
- During 2003-2004, 1,679 General
Colleges were functioning, out of which 96 were
Government and 601 were aided colleges.
- There are 4 Government Training
Colleges, six Colleges of Teachers Education and
three Institutes of Advanced Study in Education,
in the State.
- The State has nine Universities.
- Computer Education has been included
as on optional subject in the secondary level by
the Board of Secondary Education