Report by Bhaskar Pradhan, Bhubaneswar: Child sexual abuse is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation. Forms of child sexual abuse include asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities (regardless of the outcome), indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc.) to a child with intent to gratify their own sexual desires or to intimidate or groom the child, physical sexual contact with a child, or using a child to produce child pornography. When a prepubescent child is sexually abused by one or more other children or adolescent youths, and no adult is directly involved, it is defined as child-on-child sexual abuse.
As Constitutions of India guarantee Indian children to be protected from all forms of exploitation, abuse and crime. Article 39 provides certain safeguard to children and article 39(e)(f) of the constitution says the state shall in particulars direct its policy towards security that the tender age of the children are not abuse and children are given opportunity and facility to develop in a healthy manner. According to Article 2 and 19 of the CRC also having the provision to protect children and India is one of the signatories to it.
Odisha is one of the poorest states in India and children vulnerability are manifold due to the different socio-economic and geographical sitiation..About 14.3million are children within 18years in Odisha. There is no clear estimates of vulnerable children in Orissa how many are orphan, in single parants, begging, trafficking, in street, engaged in labour and needs care and protection. About children of 40 lakhs families who are below poverty line are in the categories of most vulnerable children.
There are various areas of child sex abuse reported in odisha. It occurs in home , community, schools , residential schools , care institutions , work place , tourism industry , domestic servants , during transportation , commercial sectors etc. Girls and boys are victims.
Similarly, we come across cases of child trafficking in Odisha. The cases are caught while transporting children for so called work. Intensity of trafficking vary from district to district.
Child protection is everybody responsibility. Though the state have the primary responsibility and duty to protect every child, in practice, it needs a collective responsibility from every sphere such as family, community, government and civil society.
The global prevalence of child sexual abuse has been estimated at 19.7% for females and 7.9% for males, according to a 2009 study published in Clinical Psychology Review that examined 65 studies from 22 countries. Using the available data, the highest prevalence rate of child sexual abuse geographically was found in Africa (34.4%), primarily because of high rates in South Africa; Europe showed the lowest prevalence rate (9.2%); America and Asia had prevalence rates between 10.1% and 23.9 Most sexual abuse offenders are acquainted with their victims; approximately 30% are relatives of the child, most often brothers, fathers, uncles or cousins; around 60% are other acquaintances such as 'friends' of the family, babysitters, or neighbors; strangers are the offenders in approximately 10% of child sexual abuse cases.] Most child sexual abuse is committed by men; studies show that women commit 14% to 40% of offenses reported against boys and 6% of offenses reported against girls. Most offenders who sexually abuse prepubescent children are pedophiles, although some offenders do not meet the clinical diagnosis standards for pedophilia.
Under the law, "child sexual abuse" is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. The American Psychiatric Association states that "children cannot consent to sexual activity with adults", and condemns any such action by an adult: "An adult who engages in sexual activity with a child is performing a criminal and immoral act which never can be considered normal or socially acceptable behavior." During this consultation held at Red Cross Bhawan Campaign Convenor Lalit Mishra, Co- Convener Sadasiv Swain focused that massive scale awareness is needed for to stop the heinous system. As per the data nearly 60 thousand children in our state are trafficking to other state in search of work or others. It also focused in this meeting that Labour union, Women organization, representatives of PRI Bodies and a village level Vigilance committee can stop this heinous Path. During this juncture state secretary of AICCTU mahendra parida focused on establishment of anti Trafficking cell to stop the child trafficking.
Representative of AIDWA Puspa Panda , sanjukta paniGrahi, Monaja Jena, Tapan Mohapatra, state convenor of CACL Sudhir sabat, Usarani Behera, BijayaLaxmi Routray, Human Right Activist Paradipta nayak Spokes on this occasion for the development of children and women . The programme oranised by city Based voluntary organization Named centre for child & Women development (CCWD) in collaboration with YOJANA